8 Impressive Benefits of CBD for Your Health

For thousands of years, people have used cannabis for treating health problems, but this trend has gained more popularity in recent years. As science is uncovering evidence that cannabis can, in fact, have health benefits, an increasing number of people are looking into cannabis products as a way to improve their overall health.

Cannibidiol, also known as CBD, is a chemical substance naturally occurring in cannabis plants. To gain its full benefit, it is extracted from cannabis plants to isolate it from other potentially harmful substances.

A lot of study has been done on the benefits of CBD in treating a large variety of medical conditions. Many of these studies report positive feedback and uphold CBD as a good option for managing certain conditions. In this Blog post you will learn more about the countless benefits of CBD.

Benefits of CBD

Why Is CBD Beneficial for Your Health

Cannabidiol is one of many naturally occurring cannabinoids.

A cannabinoid is defined as any group of closely related compounds which include cannabinol or the active constituents of cannabis.

Anything chemically similar to the active constituents in cannabis can be classified as a cannabinoid – regardless of whether it occurs in cannabis plants or elsewhere in nature.

This is where the human body comes in. In the 1990’s, it was discovered that the human body actually produces compounds similar to the “active ingredients” in cannabis. Meaning that the human body naturally produces cannabinoids, and that these cannabinoids serve a purpose within the body. Researchers named the system responsible for producing, releasing and breaking down cannabinoids, the endocannabinoid system.

The endocannabinoid system is present throughout the body and appears to affect almost all areas of health in some way. It appears that the endocannabinoid system plays a role in regulating mood, pain, memory, sleep, fertility, temperature and immune function (among other things).

Knowledge regarding the endocannabinoid system introduced the concept of cannabinoid therapy, which is the use of cannabinoids for treating certain health conditions. However, in order for cannabinoid therapy to be effective, “good” cannabinoids had to be isolated from potentially harmful ones. Cannabidiol was found to be a “good” cannabinoid and has since been included in various products with the aim of improving overall health.

Benefits of CBD – Cannabidiol

A lot of studies have been done supporting the use of cannabidiol for conditions related to the endocannabinoid system. Although not all research is equally convincing, there’s at least some evidence that the use cannabidiol could be beneficial for the following health problems.

1. Diabetes and Obesity Prevention

Because the endocannabinoid system plays a role in regulating appetite, using a cannabinoid supplement such as cannabidiol could be helpful in preventing diabetes and obesity.

Interestingly enough, a 2011 study found that cannabis users actually had lower rates of obesity than people who don’t use cannabis. However, using cannabis isn’t a good way to maintain weight, which is why researchers are interested in learning how cannabidiol can produce the same effects.

In 2006, a study regarding CBD and diabetes prevention was performed on lab mice to establish the prevalence of diabetes in mice when treated with CBD. It was found that mice treated with CBD were significantly less likely to develop diabetes than mice that didn’t receive any CBD treatment.

2. Cardiovascular Benefits

Research published in 2012 indicated that CBD could have beneficial effects when used as a means to prevent or treat heart disease. This corresponds well to other research in the area of CBD and heart disease, which has shown that CBS can improve cholesterol profiles, lowering the “bad” LDL cholesterol while increasing the level of “good” HDL cholesterol.

More research still needs to be done to establish the effects of CBD on the cardiovascular system, but so far, the prognosis seems very promising.

3. Enhancing Cancer Treatment

Studies have shown that CBD has potentially beneficial effects in treating cancer. It’s believed that the use of CBD can actually inhibit tumor cell growth, which could possibly help to control the spread of cancer. These studies advocate for using CBD alongside other cancer treatment in order to obtain better results. However, the researchers believe that further study is needed to develop a CBD cancer treatment that’s optimal.

In the meantime, it’s worthwhile to take note that using CBD products could be beneficial. Hopefully, further study is done in order to develop a cancer treatment involving CBD.

While cancer treatment involving CBD isn’t yet a reality, CBD can be used for cancer prevention. Many studies support that cannabinoid therapy can impair cancer development.

4. Depression and Anxiety

The use of cannabidiol for treating depression and anxiety is becoming more common. In fact, CBD is even being studied as a possible treatment for post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). It’s been found that patients using CBD for treating PTSD experienced reduced stress, less flashbacks and an overall decrease in anxiety.

Most depression and anxiety disorders aren’t as acute as PTSD, but this research could show a correlation between using CBD and effectively treating depression and anxiety.

5. Pain Management

Many medical experts believe that using cannabidiol can help in managing almost all forms of chronic or recurring pain. Regardless of whether pain is caused by migraines, multiple sclerosis, fibromyalgia or even an old injury, CBD could potentially offer benefits in relieving – or at the very least managing – pain.

6. Improved Sleep

Another interesting finding in the study relating to the use of CBD for treating PTSD, is that candidates reported better sleep. Some researchers also support the idea that using CBD could be beneficial in treating conditions such as sleep apnea and excessive daytime sleepiness.

However, there’s also research that suggests that the use of CBD makes no difference to sleep quality. This could indicate that CBD isn’t actually effective in treating sleep related disorders. Seeing as the information on CBD for treating sleep disorders is conflicting, more research is necessary in this area.

7. Arthritis and Joint Pain

Currently, 1 in 5 adults worldwide are are diagnosed with some form of arthritis. In research regarding the use of CBD for treating arthritis, researchers reported:

“The data presented suggests transdermal CBD is a good candidate for developing improved therapies for these debilitating diseases.”

Another study has also supported that the use of CBD can be beneficial in treating pain related to osteoarthritis.

The most likely reason why cannabidiol is effective at treating arthritis and joint pain is because of a combination of its anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects – helping to sooth and relieve pain, while combating inflammation.

8. Acne and Skincare

There are many potential benefits to using CBD, but most people wouldn’t expect skincare to be one of them. Despite this, researchers decided to test the effectiveness of CBD in treating acne, and the results were promising.

As with arthritis, CBD works for acne because of its anti-inflammatory effects. However, this might not be the only reason. Some experts also speculate that using CBD helps regulate the amount of oil produced by the skin, helping to reduce the risk of clogged pores and acne.

But acne isn’t the only skincare problem that can be treated using CBD. Cannabidiol also has antioxidant properties, making it as good choice for fighting aging and wrinkles.

Does Cannabidiol Really Work?

The benefits of CBD certainly look good – but perhaps a little too good. How could one substance offer such a broad range of health benefits?

In reality, medical professionals are still uncertain regarding the benefits of cannabidiol. Many admit that cannabidiol treatment is promising, but cannabidiol isn’t recognized as an alternative to conventional treatment for many medical conditions at this stage.

While it’s uncertain whether CBD can work for you, it’s definitely still worth trying. For a wide range of potential benefits, CBD hasn’t been shown to have any serious side-effects. Studies that have been conducted on the safety of cannabidiol, have shown that adults tend to tolerate the substance well in varying doses.

How to Use Cannabidiol?

Cannabidiol oil is the most common form of cannabidiol available on the market. However, cannabidiol oil isn’t the only way in which CBD can be used. CBD comes in a range of different products such as tablets, moisturizers and even foods and drinks.

Any CBD products can be used according to instructions on the label, or according to instructions given by a health care practitioner with special knowledge in cannabidiol treatment.

But although cannabidiol is good for aiding treatment in certain conditions, it should never replace other treatment altogether. Never leave medications prescribed by your doctor and replace it with cannabidiol. If you’re uncertain whether or not you can use cannabidiol along with your current medications, consult a healthcare professional before starting CBD treatment.

Should You Use CBD?

At this stage, using CBD is an option that some people will find more attractive than others. If you’re considering CBD, there’s no guarantee that it will work for whatever health problem you are hoping to treat.

The best way to know whether or not CBD can work for you is to try it for yourself. When starting CBD, keep track of your health and monitor whether it’s improving or remaining the same. Also keep track of what might be potential side-effects.

After using CBD for some time, decide whether or not it’s working for you and make a final choice regarding whether or not you’ll continue to use it. With so many people reporting that CBD has helped them to manage or improve their health condition, it’s almost a certainty that you won’t be disappointed.

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Is CBD Legal in the US? Law and Safety Facts

In recent years, CBD has gained a lot of popularity in the healthcare industry. Seeing as everyone is eager to try CBD products for themselves, a large market exists for products containing CBD in the US.

But the potential benefits of CBD are often overshadowed with questions regarding its legality and safety – especially since many people believe it’s directly linked to marijuana. We receive hundreds of emails daily of individuals asking – is CBD Legal? In this article we explore the legality of CBD.

So where does CBD come from, how does it work and is CBD safe to use?

CBD is Not Marijuana

Using CBD is completely different than using marijuana.

The cannabidiol used in commercial products isn’t taken from marijuana plants, but from industrial hemp plants.

Both marijuana and industrial hemp belong to the same family of plants, the Cannabis Sativa family. But even though both plants belong to the Cannabis Sativa family, they are two distinctly different plants in both appearance, as well as in constituents.

Unfortunately, the fact that CBD is extracted from cannabis, means that any potentially good effects of CBD are often overshadowed by the dangers of marijuana use. That’s why it’s important to understand the difference between CBD and marijuana.

Is CBD Legal? Is Industrial Hemp Legal?

While it may come as a surprise, the farming of industrial hemp is legal under the The Hemp Farming Act. This makes it easy for businesses to legally obtain hemp in order to manufacture CBD products.

In contrast, marijuana isn’t legal to farm commercially anywhere in the US. Some states do allow for home cultivation of marijuana plants, but even so, there are strict laws in place regarding the amount of plants an individual is allowed to own. Many states allow for an individual to own up to six plants, while other states only make an exception for individuals growing marijuana for their own medical use.

So why can hemp be legal, but not marijuana? The answer lies in the differences between the two plants.

Marijuana contains a large amount of a chemical called tetrahydrocannabinol (or THC for short). It’s this chemical that’s responsible for the intoxicating “high” that marijuana causes. Getting “high” on marijuana isn’t safe, seeing as THC has a psychoactive effect, altering the normal function of the nervous system.

Industrial hemp has been bred specifically to reduce the amount of THC in cannabis. For industrial hemp to be legal, the law states there must be less than 0.03% THC present in the plant. This means that the THC levels in hemp are low enough to be considered safe by the government.

So the CBD industry doesn’t rely on the legalization of marijuana in order to exist. CBD isn’t an indirect way to promote the marijuana industry, nor is it an indirect attempt to remove restrictions regarding the growth and availability of recreational cannabis.

The Hemp Farming Act ensures that all commercially farmed cannabis plants are farmed responsibly, and the industry is regulated by the government to make certain that commercial plants don’t contain enough intoxicating chemicals to be harmful.

What Are Cannabinoids?

On a larger scale, the difference between using CBD products and using marijuana should be clear, seeing as they come from different plants. However, to fully understand how CBD products are different from marijuana, it’s important to look even closer at the chemical compounds that distinguish industrial hemp from marijuana.

CBD (or cannabidiol) is actually one of many chemical compounds called cannabinoids. This means that CBD is like a “chemical ingredient” in cannabis plants, which is isolated from all the other chemical ingredients that make up cannabis before it is used in CBD products.

Cannabis plants also contain a large number of other cannabinoids, which means that there are many chemicals that are somewhat similar to cannabidiol in structure and all of them are typical “ingredients” in cannabis plants.

Some cannabinoids – such as CBD – are safe for human consumption, but other cannabinoids are very harmful. An example of a harmful cannabinoid is THC.

As mentioned earlier, THC is the chemical responsible for the psychoactive “high” effect when smoking marijuana. Like CBD, THC is also a cannabinoid, but the effects of THC and CBD on the human body are entirely different.

The Endocannabinoid System

Before going deeper into how CBD and THC affect the human body, it’s important to understand the link between cannabinoids and the human body.

Cannabinoids aren’t only found in cannabis plants. There are also cannabinoids found naturally in the human body, these cannabinoids are called endocannabinoids, seeing as they are endogenous to the human body.

Endocannabinoids link with cannabinoid receptors, causing certain reactions to take place. This bodily system of endocannabinoids, cannabinoid receptors and the enzymes responsible for synthesizing and breaking down of endocannabinoids is collectively called the endocannabinoid system.

As it was only discovered in 1992, a lot of research is still being done into the exact purpose and function of the endocannabinoid system. But researchers have found that the endocannabinoid system regulates various bodily functions such as:

• Anxiety and stress management
• Appetite
• Pain sensation and relief
• Sleep
• Memory formation
• Inflammation

These are just a few of the bodily functions linked to endocannabinoids. Some other functions still include fertility, immune function and more.

Effects on the Human Body: THC vs CBD

Now you know that THC, CBD and endocannabinoids all belong to a group of chemical compounds called cannabinoids. This means they are similar in chemical compisition, but not identical.

What should be clear at this point is that not all cannabinoids are harmful. Our body naturally produces its own cannabinoids in order to regulate vital processes.

So why is THC a harmful cannabinoid? Ironically enough, it’s the similarity between THC and that endocannabinoids makes it harmful.

THC Effects on the Body

As mentioned earlier, endocannabinoids link to cannabinoid receptors to cause certain reactions in the human body. When THC is consumed (regardless of whether it’s through smoking or eating it) it too can link to the cannabinoid receptors, wreaking havoc on the endocannabinoid system.

In response to THC linking to cannabinoid receptors, the body senses that there’s too much stimulation within the endocannabinoid system. In an attempt to control this over-stimulation, the body produces less of its own endocannabinoids.

Without endocannabinoids, the body loses its natural ability to respond to stress. After consuming THC multiple times, users find that the only way to adequately control and reduce stress, is to consume even more THC.

In this way, THC becomes a substitute for the body’s endocannabinoids. As the constant over-stimulation of the endocannabinoid system is causing the body to no longer produce endocannabinoids, the only way to regain these endocannabinoids is to stop using THC.

But not using THC can cause users to feel anxious and stressed. It will take time for the body to clear itself of THC and to start producing endocannabinoids again. Many THC users aren’t willing to endure this painful transition period.

Ultimately, the ongoing use of THC leads to dependency. Some people who use marijuana want to stop, but often struggle to do so, as a lack of THC leaves them vulnerable to stress and anxiety.

CBD Effects on the Body

For some time, researchers believed that CBD, much like THC, links to the body’s cannabinoid receptors, causing reactions to take place. However, it was later found that this is not the case.

Unfortunately, scientists are not sure exactly how CBD works within the endocannabinoid system. Some people believe that CBD has the opposite effect on the endocannabinoid system as THC. Where THC reduces the amount of endocannabinoids produced by the body, CBD works indirectly by stimulating the endocannabinoid system to produce more endocannabinoids.

Another suggestion is that CBD prevents certain chemicals from breaking down, helping to boost parts of the endocannabinoid system.

Some researchers believe that certain medical conditions are linked to problems within the endocannabinoid system and that by using CBD, the system is able to regain function again.

Regardless of the exact method of action of CBD, research suggests that it can be beneficial in treating many symptoms and health problems, including inflammation, pain, stress and sleeping problems.

Unlike THC, CBD doesn’t cause a “high” and isn’t considered to be addictive. Seeing as CBD doesn’t link directly to cannabinoid receptors, there’s no risk for the same cycle of dependency as with THC, meaning the endocannabinoid system can function normally when CBD is consumed.

Cannabidiol is considered safe for adults. The only common side-effects currently known are tiredness, changes in appetite and diarrhea. Ongoing research is still being done regarding other potential side-effects of CBD, as well as the effects of CBD on various organs and bodily functions.

However, a lot of research has also been performed regarding the benefits of CBD, and in many cases, the benefits far outweigh potential side-effects. So far, studies have mainly focused on CBD as an alternative treatment for conditions such as epilepsy and psychiatric disorders. But CBD has also been studied for its potential benefits in other areas, such as pain relief, heart disease and inflammation.

Is CBD Legal?

As mentioned earlier, The Hemp Farming Act opens up many doors for the legality of CBD products. However, a lot of debate still surrounds the legality if CBD. Even though CBD has no risk for dependency, the DEA still classifies cannabis as a Schedule I substance due to the THC content. Despite the fact that CBD isn’t addictive, the fact that it’s derived from cannabis, makes it a cannabis product, which means it doesn’t carry the DEA’s approval.

Usually, owning or distributing a Schedule I substance is illegal and punishable by law, but because of legalization of industrial hemp, owning and distributing cannabis and cannabis products is legal, so long as they don’t contain more than 0.03% THC.

This means that, on a practical level, cannabis can’t be treated like other Schedule I substances, as this would be a conflict in the law. This is why there’s a wide outcry for the legalization of cannabis and cannabis products so long as they are derived from industrial hemp, as this would enable the DEA to control THC, while allowing CBD and other non-addictive cannabis products to be 100% legal.

The overall outlook for CBD is good, however, as a lot of conflicting laws currently exist regarding the use of cannabis, which is placing increasing pressure on the DEA to reclassify certain cannabis products.

Should You Use CBD?

At this stage, using CBD is an option that some people will find more attractive than others. If you’re considering CBD, there’s no guarantee that it will work for whatever health problem you are hoping to treat.

The best way to know whether or not CBD can work for you is to try it for yourself. When starting CBD, keep track of your health and monitor whether it’s improving or remaining the same. Also keep track of what might be potential side-effects.

After using CBD for some time, decide whether or not it’s working for you and make a final choice regarding whether or not you’ll continue to use it.

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The Endocannabinoid System (ECS) and How it Relates to CBD

Although the endocannabinoid system sounds like it pertains directly to cannabis, this isn’t the case. The endocannabinoid system actually exists within your own body, entirely independent of cannabis. Everyone is born with an endocannabinoid system and it plays an integral role in regulating a wide variety of bodily functions.

Despite the fact that the endocannabinoid system isn’t directly associated with cannabis , the two do have a correlation. While some parts of cannabis are harmful to the human body, others are known to have health benefits. This is where cannabidiol (CBD) comes in.

What Is The Endocannabinoid System?

To understand how cannabidiol relates to the endocannabinoid system, it’s important to first understand what the endocannbinoid system is.

Your brain and body are designed to respond to changes in your environment. According to how the environment around you changes, your body can release certain chemicals to trigger emotions and reactions that help you act out in a way that’s beneficial within a particular situation.

For example, whenever you experience a dangerous situation, your brain will automatically respond by inducing a “fight or flight” response. This response is made possible by your brain and body working together to create a hormone called adrenaline. Adrenaline has many functions, such as increasing your heart rate, optimizing your carbohydrate metabolism and preparing your muscles for exertion.

Most people are aware of adrenaline and how it can influence your body in a dangerous or stressful situation, making it a good example of how your brain and body work together to create endocannabinoids.

Similar to how adrenaline is released in a stressful situation, endocannabinoids are also produced by the body in reaction to environmental changes.

Here are just a few examples of situations that can lead to elevated levels of endocannabinoids, as well as their function within each situation:

  • Hunger: appetite stimulation
  • Stress and anxiety: stress and anxiety reduction
  • Pain: pain relief

The endocannabinoid system, is the system responsible for producing and releasing endocannibinoids. This system is necessary to help your body maintain normal function throughout everyday life.

It’s important to note that the endocannabinoid system is a normal bodily system present in every human being. Its existence isn’t related to the use of cannabidiol (CBS) – but rather, the other way around. The use of cannabidiol has an impact on the human body as a result of the endocannabinoid system, and the effect of CBD on this already existing system.

How Does The Endocannabinoid System Work?

The basic function of the endocannabinoid system can be explained by using an example of a lock and key.

Endocannabinoids are neurotransmitters that act as ligands – a reaction takes place when endocannabinoids are binded to cannabinoid receptors. So the endocannabinoids can be seen as they key, whereas the cannabinoid receptors are the lock helping endocannabinoids “unlock” certain reponses.

There are two main cannabinoid receptors present in the human body, CB1 and CB2 receptors. These cannabinoid receptors are present in the central and peripheral nervous systems, meaning they’re spread throughout the human body.

There are also various kinds of endocannabinoids present in the human body, such as anandamide (also known as AEA) and 2-arachidonoylglycerol (also known as 2-A). These endocannabinoids are produced in the brain through different enzymes responsible for both synthesizing and degrading endocannabinoids.

The Role of the Endocannabinoid System

So the endocannabinoid system is a system that exists within your body, producing and releasing endocannabinoids in certain situations. But what’s the role of the endocannabinoid system really?

Stress Reduction

As briefly mentioned earlier, the endocannabinoid system plays an important role in stress reduction.

Whenever you experience stress, your body is releasing a hormone called cortisol, which is the stress hormone. Along with cortisol, endocannabinoids are also released during stressful situations to counteract the effects of cortisol. This might seem counter-intuitive, as your body is releasing cortisol for a reason, but the endocannabinoids released aren’t necessarily meant to eliminate your stress, but rather to balance it.

Your endocannabinoid system can also learn from stressful situations. Upon experiencing the same stressful situation multiple times, your body will learn to release more endocannabinoids in reaction to that situation, helping to reduce your cortisol (stress) levels every time you experience it again.

Memory Formation and Filtering

Your endocannabinoid system also plays an important role in memory formation. Endocannabinoids are released in various parts of the brain, but particularly the hippocampus, to help with memory formation. The hippocampus, is the part the brain associated with long-term memory and emotion.

Once released in your hippocampus, these endocannabinoids help to filter memories by allowing the formation of helpful memories, while preventing the formation of harmful, emotionally aversive memories. Examples of helpful memories are everyday things such as names and lists, while an example of a harmful memory is a traumatic event, for instance.

Appetite Stimulation

The endocannabinoid system (or ECS, for short) also plays an important role in appetite. According to research, the ECS is responsible for initiating appetite in humans. Unfortunately, there also seems to be a correlation between endocannabinoids and craving sweet, unhealthy, tasty foods.

But while the research regarding ECS and appetite is still relatively new, it’s generally accepted that ECS plays some role in appetite stimulation. The full extent of ECS involvement in appetite, however, is not yet known.

Pain Relief

The ECS also has an association with controlling pain and pain relief. This pain relief function might not only relate to physical pain, but also emotional pain and depression.

It’s been found that there’s some association between problems in the ECS and certain conditions. Various problems in the ECS have been linked to health conditions such as migraines, Parkinson’s disease, depression and irritable bowel syndrome.

According to this research, there’s a direct correlation between levels of endocannabinoids and pain, where a decline in endocannabinoid levels results in experiencing more pain. Conversely, an increase in certain endocannabinoids has an analgesic effect.

With this in mind, researchers have been able to explore into the effects of endocannabinoids and arthritis pain.

Exercise

It’s been shown that endocannabinoids are released during physical activity, such as exercise. Particularly, endocannabinoids are associated with the euphoric effects of exercise, also called “runner’s high”. It’s now believed that the increased levels of endocannabinoids during physical activity are responsible for the analgesic and euphoric effects.

These are just some examples of instances where endocannabinoids are released. A lot of research is still necessary to determine the full extent of the function and purpose of the ECS.

What Is Cannabidiol or CBD?

Although our body naturally produces certain cannabinoids (i.e endocannabinoids), there are cannabinoids existing in nature that aren’t produced by the human body.

One example of a cannabinoid produced in nature outside of the human body is cannabidiol (or CBD for short). Cannabidiol is a cannabinoid naturally occurring in cannabis plants.

There are many other cannabinoids in cannabis, such as tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), cannibinol, cannabigerol and cannabidivarin, to name just a few. However, not all cannabinoids present in the cannabis plant have been studied extensively. What is known, is that certain cannibinoids, such as tetrehydrocannabinol, are actually harmful and dangerous.

Not all cannabinoids in cannabis are necessarily harmful, though. Unlike THC, cannabidiol doesn’t have the same harmful effects. In fact, cannabidiol has been studied for use in certain medical conditions. By isolating cannabinoids that aren’t harmful, such as CBD, it’s possible that certain medical conditions could be treated with the use of cannabinoids.

It’s important to note that when using cannabidiol for medical conditions, the focus is simply on treating the condition at hand, and not to induce a psychoactive effect, as is conventionally associated with the use of cannabis. This euphoric effect (which can lead to dependency on cannabis) doesn’t occur as a result of using CBD products, as the cannabinoids responsible for the “high” aren’t present in CBD products.

The Endocannabinoid System and CBD

CBD has been studied for the use in many medical conditions that cold be related to the endocannabinoid system.

The concept behind this is that CBD – which is similar in chemical structure to our own endocannabinoids – can support and improve the endocannabinoid system in cases of deficiencies or malfunctioning within the system.

CBD has been studied with success as a treatment option for the following conditions:

  • Anxiety and depression
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Epilepsy
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • Alzheimer’s disease
  • Pain relief

CBD was effective in some degree for many of these conditions, but some areas show more promise than others. CBD has been proven especially effective for treating certain forms of epilepsy, where its use was able to treat forms of epilepsy that don’t respond to traditional anti-seizure medicines.

Other conditions where the use of CBD has been studied, but still needs more evidence, include the use of CBD for treating substance abuse and tumors – as well as preventing diabetes.

In reality, a lot of research is still needed on how CBD effects the ECS in order to gain its maximum benefits. This is because it’s not entirely known how CBD affects the ECS. What is clear, is that CBD doesn’t have any psychoactive effect in humans and that it doesn’t pose any risk for possible dependency. This means that the benefits of CBD can be enjoyed without the risk associated with using cannabis.

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How Does the US Patent on Cannabinoids Affect CBD

US Government Patent About Cannabinoids

How Does the US Patent on Cannabinoids Affects CBD

In the 1990’s, the endocannabinoid system was discovered. Although CBD had already been discovered many years earlier in 1940, it was only after the discoveries in the ‘90s, that researchers saw the potential of CBD as a drug. Since then, a lot of research has been done regarding the medicinal use of cannabidiol.

Upon the discovery of the potential health advantages of cannabinoids, the US Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) filed for a patent on cannabinoids. But what are the implications of the patent on the CBD industry?

What is Patent 6,630,507 and How Does It Affect CBD?

In 1999, the US Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) filed US patent no. 6,630,507. This patent recognized that cannabinoids are beneficial to human health, stating the antioxidant properties as one of the key benefits of cannabinoids in treating oxidation associated diseases.

CBD Patent 6,630,507 also singled out cannabidiol, mentioning that cannabinoids such as cannabidiol are advantageous to use because it avoids toxicity commonly faced in using psychoactive cannabinoids. The US government patent specifically addressed the use of cannabinoids for pharmaceutical and health purposes.

After undergoing routine examination, the patent was approved by the United States Patent and Trademark Office in 2003.

In the US, patents are used to protect intellectual property. An individual, business, or even the government can file for a patent in order to take ownership of an invention.

Once a patent is approved, the patent holder owns all the rights to their patented work. These rights include the right to prevent others from using, selling, importing or advertising the patented work. In short, the patent holder owns all rights to exclude any other individual or entity to use the patented invention in any way.

If any business or individual wants to sell a patented invention, they must first obtain patent rights from the original patent holder. This is usually done by negotiating with the original patent holder to obtain a patent license. Usually, the patent holder will charge another individual or entity for a patent license. The patent holder will possibly also set certain limitations regarding the exact rights granted under the patent license.

Thus, the direct implication of the US government’s patent on cannabinoids, is that cannabinoids are an invention, and that the patent for the invention of cannabinoids belong to the US government.

This means that cannabinoids are viewed as the intellectual property of the US government and that any individual or entity wishing to distribute, use or import cannabinoids, has to obtain the right to do so from the HHS.

The HHS did grant a patent license to a pharmaceutical company in 2012. By granting this license, the US government gave this company exclusive rights for the commercialization of cannabinoids as anti-oxidants.

The patent license granted to the company didn’t prevent anyone from doing research on cannabinoids, but under the license, no one else who discovered benefits of cannabinoids for treating neurological conditions, would be allowed to develop and sell a drug for this purpose.

However, enforcing the US government patent rights has been rather complicated. As a result, most businesses selling CBD products have no permission from the US government to do so. When considering how CBD products are freely distributed on the market, it almost seems as if the patent on cannabinoids doesn’t even exist.

Complications Regarding Cannabis-Related Patents

One of the main reasons why enforcing patent 6,630,507 (and other cannabis-related patents) is so complicated, is because CBD and other cannabinoids are obtained from Cannabis Sativa plants.

Cannabis is currently classified as a Schedule I controlled substance by the Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA). A Schedule I controlled substance, is defined as any drug that currently has no accepted medicinal use and has a high potential for abuse. Examples of other drugs classified as Schedule I substances include heroin, LSD and ecstasy.

This means that the classification of cannabis by the DEA technically makes it highly illegal. However, the legality of the DEA’s classification is often contested and controversial in many ways.

The Hemp Farming Act recently legalized the commercial production of certain cannabis plants. Meaning, unlike other Schedule I substances, it is no longer illegal to own, or even distribute cannabis.

In fact, despite the DEA’s restrictions on cannabis, it’s legal to own cannabis plants and even to use cannabis for recreational purposes in many states. This leads to another point of controversy – how can cannabis be legal on a state-by-state basis, but illegal under federal law?

All of these questions on the FDA’s restrictions, combined with the legalization of farming industrial hemp, makes laws regarding cannabis and cannabis derivatives all the more complicated.

Although patent 6,630,507 is the most well-known cannabis-related patent, it certainly isn’t the only one. The problem with defending a cannabis-related patent, however, is that cannabis is a Schedule I substance. This means that defending a cannabis-related patent in court, can also mean pleading guilty to owning or distributing a Schedule I substance.

Despite legal exceptions on the ban of cannabis, cannabis-related patent holders might still feel hesitant to defend their patent in court, especially if the patent regards the use of cannabis as a drug, supplement or recreational substance.

So just because a patent has been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office, doesn’t mean it can be defended in court. The United States Patent and Trademark Office simply considers whether or not the patent is a unique invention. Anything that’s regarded as a new and unique invention can be granted a patent.

In practice, this makes a cannabis-related patent possible to obtain, but nearly impossible to enforce.

CBD Patent Expiration Date

The legality and distribution of cannabis-related products is still a hot topic. However, any concern about infringement of patent 6,630,507 will soon be a thing of the past.

Unlike copyrights, patents in the United States don’t last very long. The US government patent on cannabinoids is set to expire on 21 April 2019 – 20 years from the initial date the patent was filed. Once the patent has expired, the US government will no longer own a patent on cannabinoids.

But patents on cannabis products in general is a controversial topic. If, for instance, the DEA removes cannabis from its list of Schedule I substances, cannabis-related patent holders will be able to freely take their patent infringement cases to court. So while expired cannabis-related patents might not be eligible for court, current patents would be.

It’s uncertain whether the rescheduling of cannabis would allow past patent holders to also take up patent infringement cases in court. Although this is unlikely, as defending their patent would require admitting to owning or possibly even distributing cannabis during a time when it was illegal to do so.

Because of patents, the rescheduling of cannabis could, to some extent, make cannabis products less freely available than they currently are. This is because many businesses might take rescheduling of cannabis as an opportunity to file patents on the use of cannabis for treating various health conditions.

The current classification of cannabis as a Schedule I substance, can lead to a lack of evidence that cannabis was previously used for certain health conditions, allowing for businesses to obtain patents for unoriginal cannabis products.

However, cannabis has been in use for thousands of years for various health problems, which can serve as evidence that most patents aren’t original.

Regardless, the consequences of rescheduling cannabis are presently irrelevant. As the DEA is adamant on keeping cannabis on the Schedule I substance list, despite various gray areas in law enforcement regarding the use of cannabis-related substances.

Why is Cannabis a Schedule I Substance?

According to the Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA), Schedule I substances are highly dangerous substances that are very likely to cause addiction. Currently, marijuana is classified as a Schedule I substance because it contains high levels of a cannabinoid called tetrahydrocannabinol (THC).

THC is the constituent in marijuana mainly responsible for the euphoric effect or “high” obtained from consuming the plant. Repeated consumption of THC, especially in large quantities, has been proven to cause dependency on the substance, making marijuana potentially addictive.

However, CBD isn’t an addictive cannabinoid. In the scientific community, it’s commonly accepted that CBD doesn’t cause a “high” and that there’s no risk of dependency.

Even the FDA recognizes that CBD isn’t an addictive substance, as on 25 June 2018, they officially approved an anti-seizure drug containing CBD.

If the FDA believed CBD to be as highly addictive as heroin, no commercial drug containing CBD would ever be legalized. But there simply isn’t sufficient evidence or grounds for the FDA to classify CBD as a Schedule I substance, regardless of its origins.

The approval of a CBD drug by the FDA, led to further outcry to reschedule cannabis, as any cannabis product should be considered illegal by the FDA, making even the legality of the recent FDA approved drug questionable.

How Government Can Control Cannabis Addiction

The potentially addictive nature of cannabis, combined with the health benefits of CBD and its medicinal properties, still makes the control of cannabis a difficult balancing act for government. On the one hand, government isn’t looking to restrict the benefits of cannabinoids, but addictive constituents of cannabis still need to be controlled and restricted.

The legalization of industrial hemp is a positive step in the right direction. As it opens up opportunities for the restriction of THC, while allowing CBD and other potentially beneficial cannabinoids to be used for their health benefits.

All the conflict in laws and permissions has led to a lot of confusion, gray areas and controversy surrounding the use of cannabidiol. While the government patent on cannabinoids will soon be a thing of the past, many questions still exist regarding the future of CBD. Questions specifically pertaining to the implications of The Hemp Farming Act and its implications on the legality of CBD are now at the forefront of these discussions.

It’s hoped that government will take action in favor of the CBD industry, recognizing that addiction can be controlled and fought without the need for non-addictive substances to be classified as Schedule I substances.

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